Tanzania, East Africa
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania, a country in East Africa.
The mountain is part of Kilimanjaro National Park, which lies in the northeastern area of Tanzania, near the Kenyan / Tanzanian border.
Mount Kilimanjaro is approximately 200 miles south of the Equator.
Tanzania is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, by Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, and by Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south.
Tanzania is on the eastern coast of Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Zanzibar, an island off the mainland, and the Zanzibar Archipelago, are also part of Tanzania.
About Mount Kilimanjaro
The mountain is one of the seven summits (the highest peaks on each of the seven continents), and rises 5,895 meters or 19,340 feet above sea level.
It is the tallest freestanding mountain (not part of a mountain range) in the world.
The nickname for Mount Kilimanjaro is the Roof of Africa.
To visit Mount Kilimanjaro, the most convenient way is to fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport, and then travel to Arusha or Moshi, Kilimanjaro’s gateway towns, by vehicle.
Both cities are approximately 40 minutes away from the airport and taxi services are readily available.
Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano.
As a stratovolcano, the mountain is made of ash, lava, and rock.
The mass is comprised of three cones – Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira.
The summit is on the Kibo cone, and is named Uhuru, which means freedom in Swahili.
The mountain is 750,000 years old.
The last major eruption was 350,000 years ago. Its last volcanic eruption was just 200 years ago.
Despite its massive size and height, climbing Kilimanjaro is a very achievable feat by even novice hikers.
Mount Kilimanjaro is a major tourist attraction bringing thousands of participants from all over the world.
It has become the mountain of choice for charity climbs, first time hikers, and celebrity adventures.
Kilimanjaro is known as a “walk-up” mountain. No technical skills are required and no mountaineering equipment (ice axes, crampons, rope and harnesses) is needed. However, it should not be underestimated as altitude sickness is a real danger when traveling to extreme elevation.
More than 50% of all climbers fail to reach the summit.
It is fundamental to hire a guide or guide service when climbing Kilimanjaro. It is illegal to do so without one.
There are hundreds of operators that serve Kilimanjaro, however more than 90% are poorly run local companies.
These budget companies do not have the appropriate standards in place to safely lead tourists on the mountain.
Be selective when choosing your operator as the decision is crucial.
The best operators have many years of experience, thousands of clients, the best guides, established safety protocols, quality name brand camping equipment, and serve nutritious meals.
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